There are an estimated 9000 people living in conditions of modern slavery in Oman (GSI 2018). It is is a transit and destination country for men and women primarily from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Philippines, most of whom migrate willingly as domestic servants or low-skilled workers in the country’s construction, agriculture and service sectors. Trafficked persons subsequently experience conditions of modern slavery such as the confiscation of passports, restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, long working hours without rest and physical or sexual abuse.
Asma left her infant daughter in Tanzania in 2015 to work in Oman as a domestic worker. However, she found that her employers paid her far less than she expected and she was subjected to sexual abuse.
When I left Tanzania my agent promised me I would be getting 500,000 Tshs [$223] but instead they gave 300,000 [$134]. They explained to me that there would be some deductions from my salary to compensate for the expenses they spent to get me to Oman, from my passport, other documents and medical check-up. And for the flights.
He would come into my room and sit near me. He would stip off all his closed and said, “I want to make love to you”.
When I returned, they [my family] prayed for me. But I was not as mentally stable as before.
Narrative provided by Human Rights Watch